German Cinema - Terror and Trauma: Cultural Memory since 1945
In a series of case studies, which consider the work of Konrad Wolf, Alexander Kluge, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Herbert Achternbusch and Harun Farocki, as well as films made in the new century, Elsaesser tracks the different ways the Holocaust is present in German cinema from the 1950s onwards, even when it is absent, or referenced in oblique and hyperbolic ways.
Its most emphatically "absent presence" might turn out to be the compulsive afterlife of the Red Army Faction, whose acts of terror in the 1970s were a response to—as well as a reminder of—Nazism’s hold on the national imaginary.
Since the end of the Cold War and 9/11, the terms of the debate around terror and trauma have shifted also in Germany, where generational memory now distributes the roles of historical agency and accountability differently. Against the background of universalized victimhood, a cinema of commemoration has, if anything, confirmed the violence that the past continues to exert on the present, in the form of missed encounters, retroactive causal chains, unintended slippages and uncanny parallels, which Elsaesser—reviving the full meaning of Freud’s Fehlleistung—calls the parapractic performativity of cultural memory.
Table of Contents
Terror, Trauma, Parapraxis 31
1 Terror and Trauma: Siamese Twins of the Political Discourse 33
2 Memory Frames and Witnessing: Burdens of Representation
and Holocaust Films 54
3 The Politics and Poetics of Parapraxis: On Some Problems
of Representation in the New German Cinema 94
4 Generational Memory: The RAF Afterlife in the New
Parapractic Poetics in German Films and Cinema 153
5 Rescued in Vain: Parapraxis and Deferred Action in Konrad
Wolf 's Stars 155
6 The Persistent Resistance of Alexander Kluge 173
7 Retroactive Causality and the Present: Fassbinder's The
Third Generation 189
8 Mourning as Mimicry and Masquerade: Herbert
Achternbusch's The Last Hole 215
9 Rewind after Replay and Postponement in Harun Farocki's
Trauma Theory Reconsidered 261
10 From Mastering the Past to Managing Guilt: Holocaust
Memory in the New Century 263
11 Postscript to Trauma Theory: A Parapractic Supplement 306
See additional chapters of relevance to the topic on Trauma Theory in the Humanities, Representations of the Holocaust (Shoah, Schindler's List), parapraxis in Holocaust documentary and in Ingmar Bergman's The Serpent's Egg, on H.J.Syberberg's Our Hitler and the Red Army Faction in film, politics, popular culture and on television.